Presidential leadership vs management | Philstar.com
The country’s president appoints directors to lead much of the national government, but he is not a director himself. Rather, he or she is a responsible leader to all citizens for the future of the country.
Unlike the CEO of a commercial corporation, the president of the nation has no management authority over the economy or crime rates or over how foreign powers will behave. But he is expected to have an effective influence in each of these areas and, indeed, in many other areas. The added difficulty is that some of them can be difficult to measure such as âconfidence in the futureâ,? “Rule of law”? “National security”,? and “quality of life”,? all of which are of vital interest to different sectors of society.
Is this advice part of a series called “Memo to the President”? written by 23 top US CEOs. While the memos are addressed to the President of the United States, the advice is applicable to presidents of other countries, especially with a form of government similar to the United States such as the Philippines.
The advice goes on to state that while the president is held accountable for most problems in all areas of government, the president’s most important responsibilities often lie in influencing individuals and institutions outside of the government. official chain of command of the president and more that he has no formal management authority – like Congress, the Central Bank and the judiciary.
In the Philippines there are so many groups that the president has to try to influence. These include political leaders who belong to other parties; business leaders and multinational business leaders who are potential investors; civil society; religious leaders; and leaders of mass movements such as trade unions and popular organizations.
The president must convince the Filipino people that their vision and values ââare right for the country. Only by doing this will he be able to ensure that the people and institutions over which he has no management control will act in a manner consistent with the vision he wishes to achieve.
The list of the greatest Filipino presidents would include Manuel Quezon, Ramon Magsaysay and Corazon Aquino. In the United States, the list would include Abraham Lincoln, Franklin Delano Roosevelt, and John F. Kennedy. George Walker Bush, the only US president to have an MBA from Harvard Business School does not fall into this category. It was during his presidency that the United States and the world experienced a financial collapse leading to a global depression.
These great presidents shared three common attributes that all great presidents should have.
The first is that they must be very effective communicators. Their personality and speaking style may vary. But they all knew how to communicate to their people a vision of the future and a set of values ââwhich would be the guide of their administration. The president must convince the people that his vision and values ââare right for the country.
The president must also realize that he cannot personally reach all the people and organizations he must try to influence. Great presidents cannot therefore rely solely on managing a group of followers through the logical communication of facts.
The second, great presidents must be symbolic leaders who embody and symbolize a set of beliefs. More importantly than communications, they convey their values ââthrough their personal behavior. People will not believe what they are told. They will wait to see how their leader will behave. The leader must therefore be a model.
This was the case when Quezon advocated independence for the Philippines; when Magsaysay said that those who have less in life must have more in rights; and when Corazon Aquino told the people that restoring democracy was worth fighting for. This is the case when P-Noy tells us that Daang Matuwid and the rule of law can be achieved in this country, and that transformation of society is possible.
Finally, although the president does not have to manage the national government, he or she appoints most of the managers who run much of the national government. Even in large companies, the CEO is advised not to micromanage or be involved in the implementation. Their task is to make the organization capable of implementing their strategies and achieving their vision.
The appointment of honest and competent managers is a crucial task for the leader. He must also be prepared to replace any manager or official whose performance or integrity has been compromised.
On P-Noy’s side, he was able to appoint a large number of officials who performed their duties with competence and integrity. Some of these officials who can be cited are Brother Armin Luistro from Education, Cesar Purisima from Finance, Gil de los Reyes from Agrarian Reform, Andy Bautista from PCGG, Dinky Soliman from DSWD, Rogelio Singson from Public Works, Leila de Lima from Justice, Sonny Coloma from the Office of Presidential Communication, Voltaire Gasmin from Defense and Jojo Ochoa from the Office of the President.
In the latest Pulse Asia notes, the survey shows that only 9% of people don’t trust the president. This means that 91% of the nation either has confidence in its integrity, truthfulness and justice, or at least remains undecided, which means that it is, at least, willing to give it a chance.
This high trust rating was achieved because people believe in his vision and values. Most importantly, they see a leader whose behavior reflects their values ââof honesty and integrity.
The Philippine Presidency has always attracted the most public attention and stirred more emotions than any other institution. The Filipino people looked to their president to act, not only as a leader, but also as a parent, savior and agent of change. But the Constitution divides authority, institutions share power, political parties lack cohesion and sustained political direction, and we have a political culture that tolerates corruption as a way of life.
Exercising effective presidential leadership in order to institutionalize the rule of law is therefore extremely difficult. But if we are to realize the vision that every Filipino family has the opportunity to live a life of human dignity, it is vital to exercise the right kind of leadership.
The extremely low “mistrust” ?? PNoy’s rating shows the Filipino believes in his leadership. This confidence and leadership are his greatest assets in transforming society and even charting the direction of the Philippines far beyond his tenure.
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